Current projects
       Governance in conflict
       Humanitatian aid and conflict
       Resources and conflict
  Past projects
Current projects
Governance in conflict

(Coordinator: Bert Suykens)

War and violent conflict are often presented as anarchic, with the most basic governance activities abolished and all services lacking. Yet CRG’s programme ‘governance in conflict’ wants to challenge this popular assumption and focus explicitly on the role of governance in and during conflict. Often this type of governance is highly hybrid, with multiple actors – rebel groups, state officials, politicians, businessmen, traditional leaders – levying taxes and providing protection, justice, social services etc for specific groups or individuals. The interactions between these different actors can result in confrontation, but also offer room for negotiation about and over these different modes of governance, also for the general population. Moreover, after formal peace agreements, modes of governance-in-conflict often persist. CRG’s micro-level approach to conflict analysis is especially suited to track and investigate these multiple and hybrid forms of governance in conflict and their impact on the population living with conflict situations.

Accommodation of Justice for Displaced in DRC (contact: Hélène Flaam)
Civilian Coping mechanisms in Times of Conflict: Case study of Bodoland, Assam (contact: Anwesha Dutta)
The Vigilantes of Goma: Urban Youth, Hybrid Security Provision & Urban Dynamics of Crime and Violence in Times of Conflict (contact: Maarten Hendriks)
The Justice and Security Research Programme (contact: Koen Vlassenroot)
Violent conflict and urban transformation in the Eastern Congolese Periphery (contact: Karen Büscher)
Understanding the logic of violence in Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT), Bangladesh: A micro conflict analysis (contact: Aynul Islam)
Event database on political violence in Bangladesh (contact: Bert Suykens)
Violent actors and governance in urban Bangladesh (contact: Bert Suykens)
Understanding informal dynamics of post-conflict peacebuilding, statebuilding and democratization in Burundi (contact: Tomas Van Acker)
Humanitarian aid and conflict

(Coordinator: Bruno De Cordier)

With the changing nature of conflict and the increasing importance of humanitarian aid since the end of the Cold War, the humanitarian sector has often become not only a conflict factor but also an economy in its own right in several affected societies. The emergence of global news media and the presence of international forces in various conflict and post-conflict areas also added to the complexity of aid. Through case-based studies, field analysis and in interaction with the aid sector itself, the CRG programme ‘Humanitarian aid and conflict’ wants to examine the socio-economic impact and the evolution of aid, the blurring of lines between humanitarian aid and development, as well the changing security challenges for aid workers and the emergence and evolutions of alternative forms of aid such as that provided by faith-based actors and non-traditional donors.

Aid Effectiveness in Situations of Conflict and Fragility (contact: Thomas Vervisch)
Religion and development (contact: Bruno De Cordier)
The political economy of humanitarian aid (contact: Bruno De Cordier)
The circulation and transformation of knowledge, discourses and practices in the global network of international development actors; The case of water (contact: Jan Cherlet)
Resources and conflict

(Coordinator: Jeroen Adam)

Resources have always played a pivotal role in conflict. This is especially the case since the fall of the Berlin Wall, as the decline in assistance to many governments and rebel groups in the Global South resulted in a renewed competition over private sources of support, including control over natural resources. Natural resources therefore influence both the onset of violent conflict and the duration of civil warfare since these greatly determine the capacity of these armed actors. Considering the central role played by these natural resources, this had spurred multiple debates. Yet, a majority of these studies depart from correlations based on highly questionable data sets, and in-depth, empirical data is still scarce. The CRG aims to tackle these lacunae by studying the role of natural resources through an ethnographic and empirically based approach. Questions include the role of natural resources in financing armed groups and the different shapes resource extraction can take in conflict settings. Secondly, the CRG also researches how these shifts in public authority over natural resources impact on the daily livelihoods of civil populations.

The socio-political impact of redistributive land reform in the Philippines: a regional comparative study (contact: Robin Thiers)
Land reform and social differentiation on the island of Mindanao, the Philippines (contact: Jeroen Adam)
The base and premises of administrative behavior on land ownership and use among women in Tanzania: the case of Kilosa district in Morogoro region (contact: Lucy Massoi)
Towards sustainable solutions for conflicts between local social actors and National Parks in Tanzania: Case study of Saadani National Park (contact: Michael Muganda)
Community participation in slum improvement/upgrading projects in informal settlements in Nairobi (contact: Sophie De Feyter)
Resource regulation, inclusion and exclusion in a mobile economy: small-scale mining in Mindanao, Philippines (contact: Boris Verbrugge)
The socio-economic impact of artisanal and small-scale mining in eastern DRC (contact: Jeroen Cuvelier)
Past Projects
Political party activism and community mediation in the Terai, Nepal
Local tax practices and hybrid governance
Decentralization and pastoral women's participation in local governance: A study of Kondoa local authority in Tanzania
Beyond the shadow of war: A study of 'post-conflict' governance in Nepal
Governance in 'rebellious' society: An ethnography of governance complexes in central and northeast India
Civil Society and NGO-interventions in Burundi: Building Democracy or Coping with Poverty?
Water insecure livelihoods and conflicts over water in rural Tanzania. The role of institutions and power: a new institutional economic approach
MICROCON - A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict
MICROCON Project 28: The political economy of entitlement to resources in rural Tanzania – an institutional perspective
Displacement, Replacement and Livelihood strategies on Ambon-Island, Indonesia
Islamic aid agencies
Local coalitions and the political economy of conflict in India: The Analysis of a livelihood complex in Telengana (Andhra Pradesh) and Nagaland
The Impact of the ‘Global War on Terror’ on contemporary civil wars
Livelihoods of Burmese refugees in Thailand
Food Security, Conflict and Social Change in Assam and the Chittagong Hills: India/Bangladesh
The impact of the civil war in Eastern DR Congo
Failed states or failed paradigms? Political order in non-state societies: West-, Central-Africa and the Horn
The political economy of civil society in Uganda
Food Security and Protracted Conflict in Eastern DR Congo
The role and position of civil society in processes of decentralization in comparative research in Burkina Faso, Uganda, Cambodja and Equador
Humanitarian interventions and the participation of the military in complex political emergencies